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Motor Learning Triggers Neuroplastic Processes While Awake and During Sleep

Wenderoth, Nicole1

doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000154
Brief Review: PDF Only

Behavioral changes characteristic for motor learning result from synaptic plasticity within the sensorimotor system. This review summarizes how the central nervous system responds rapidly to motor activity while awake. It then discusses evidence for the hypothesis that sleep is essential for both stabilizing previously acquired motor memories and maintaining the brain’s efficacy to undergo plastic changes to learn new skills.

1Neural Control of Movement Lab, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Corresponding author’s address: Nicole Wenderoth, Neural Control of Movement Lab, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, Y36 M 4 Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich, CH. Tel.: +41 (0) 44 63 56157 or Fax.: +41 (0) 44 63 56156 email: nicole.wenderoth@hest.ethz.ch

Disclosure of funding:

This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, SNSF grants 320030_149561 and 320030_175616.There is no conflict of interest.

© 2018 American College of Sports Medicine