We explore the novel hypothesis that carbohydrate availability is involved in the regulation of energy balance with exercise, via hormonal and neural signals. We propose that carbohydrate availability could play a direct mechanistic role and partially explain previously-documented relationships between a more active lifestyle and tighter control of energy balance.
Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
Corresponding author: Javier T. Gonzalez, Department for Health, University of Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom. Tel: 0(+44) 1225 38 5518; E-mail: J.T.Gonzalez@bath.ac.uk, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9939-0074.
Funding: No funding was received for the preparation of this manuscript.
Conflicts of interest: J.T.G. has received research funding and/or has acted as a consultant for Arla Foods Ingredients, Lucozade Ribena Suntory, Kenniscentrum Suiker and Voeding, and PepsiCo. J.A.B. has received research funding and/or has acted as a consultant for GlaxoSmithKline, Lucozade Ribena Suntory, Kellogg’s, Nestlé and PepsiCo and is a scientific advisor to the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI). D.T. has received funding and acted as a consultant for Unilever.