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Carbohydrate Availability as a Regulator of Energy Balance With Exercise

Gonzalez, Javier T.; Betts, James A.; Thompson, Dylan

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews: October 2019 - Volume 47 - Issue 4 - p 215–222
doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000196
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We explore the novel hypothesis that carbohydrate availability is involved in the regulation of energy balance with exercise, via hormonal and neural signals. We propose that carbohydrate availability could play a direct mechanistic role and partially explain previously documented relations between a more active lifestyle and tighter control of energy balance.

Low-carbohydrate availability may stimulate increased energy intake via decreasing leptin secretion and hepatic glycogen content.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

Address for correspondence: Javier T. Gonzalez, Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom (E-mail: J.T.Gonzalez@bath.ac.uk).

Accepted for publication: April 19, 2019.

Editor: Anni Vanhatalo, Ph.D.

Online date: May 13, 2019

© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine