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Carbohydrate Availability as a Regulator of Energy Balance With Exercise

Gonzalez, Javier T.; Betts, James A.; Thompson, Dylan

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews: October 2019 - Volume 47 - Issue 4 - p 215–222
doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000196

We explore the novel hypothesis that carbohydrate availability is involved in the regulation of energy balance with exercise, via hormonal and neural signals. We propose that carbohydrate availability could play a direct mechanistic role and partially explain previously documented relations between a more active lifestyle and tighter control of energy balance.

Low-carbohydrate availability may stimulate increased energy intake via decreasing leptin secretion and hepatic glycogen content.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

Address for correspondence: Javier T. Gonzalez, Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom (E-mail:

Accepted for publication: April 19, 2019.

Editor: Anni Vanhatalo, Ph.D.

Online date: May 13, 2019

© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine