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Regulation of Body Temperature by Autonomic and Behavioral Thermoeffectors

Schlader, Zachary J.; Vargas, Nicole T.

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews: April 2019 - Volume 47 - Issue 2 - p 116–126
doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000180
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Thermoregulation is accomplished via autonomic and behavioral responses. Autonomic responses may influence decisions to behaviorally thermoregulate. For instance, in addition to changes in body temperature, skin wettedness and involuntary muscle contraction, which occur subsequent to sweating and shivering, likely modulate thermal behavior. This autonomic-behavioral interaction provides the rationale for our hypothesis that thermoregulatory behavior decreases the requirement for autonomic responses.

Thermal behavior decreases the requirement for autonomic thermoeffector activation. This suggests that autonomic thermoeffector activation contributes to thermal behavioral responses.

Center for Research and Education in Special Environments, Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY

Address for correspondence: Zachary J. Schlader, Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University at Buffalo, 204A Kimball Tower, Buffalo, NY 14214 (E-mail: zjschlad@buffalo.edu).

Accepted for publication: October 11, 2018.

Editor: Dave Hostler, Ph.D., EMT-P, DMT, FACSM.

© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine