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Syncing Exercise With Meals and Circadian Clocks

Heden, Timothy D.1; Kanaley, Jill A.2

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews: January 2019 - Volume 47 - Issue 1 - p 22–28
doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000172
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Video Abstract

Circadian rhythms, meals, and exercise modulate energy metabolism. This review explores the novel hypothesis that there is an optimal time of day to exercise to improve 24 h glycemia and lipemia in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Circadian rhythms may make postdinner exercise the most effective time to exercise to improve glycemia and lipemia in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

1Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota — Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, and

2Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri — Columbia, Columbia, MO

Address for correspondence: Jill A. Kanaley, Ph.D., Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri — Columbia, Columbia, MO (E-mail: kanaleyj@missouri.edu).

Accepted for publication: August 17, 2018.

Editor: Bo Fernhall, Ph.D., FACSM.

© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine