Several markers of endurance training adaptation are enhanced to a greater extent when individuals undertake selected training sessions with low compared with normal muscle glycogen content or with low exogenous carbohydrate availability. The potential mechanisms underlying the cellular responses arising from such nutrient-exercise interactions are discussed in the context of promoting training adaptation.
1Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria; and 2Department of Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia
Address for correspondence: John A. Hawley, Ph.D., Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Accepted for publication: April 30, 2010.
Associate Editor: Mark Hargreaves, Ph.D., FACSM