USDA Interactive Dietary Reference Intake Calculator
Description: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in collaboration with the National Academy of Science Institute of Medicine has created a dietary reference intake (DRI) calculator which can be used to estimate daily caloric needs and a variety of other dietary nutrient intake recommendations. The calculator uses sex, age, height, weight, and activity level to determine DRI goals. Activity levels are broken down into sedentary, low active (30 min of moderate physical activity daily), active (60 min moderate or 30 min vigorous activity daily), and very active (45–60 min of vigorous activity daily). Users can then check boxes to calculate BMI, daily caloric requirement, macronutrient recommended daily intake, as well as both tolerable upper limits and recommended daily intake for vitamins and minerals. The calculation page has helpful links to reference articles for most reported vitamins and minerals as well as MyPlate recommendations (USDA healthy food guidance), supplement information, safety/labeling, and dietary recommendations for specific disease states. This easily navigated calculator can be especially useful in the management of athletes diagnosed with relative energy deficiency in sport and to create tailored diet recommendations for all athletes.
American College of Sports Medicine YouTube Channel
Description: The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has been posting a variety of video content to its YouTube channel since 2008. These videos cover the gamut of sports medicine topics from wide-ranging 30-min discussions with past ACSM presidents, to conference presentation recordings on sports physiology and basic science lectures on an equally broad series of topics. In addition, there are professional development lectures and recorded webinars which apply to all health care professions involved in the care of athletes. The page includes both high yield educational content from past conferences and popular commentary, such as the 2017 Annual Meeting discussion with Michael Phelps in Denver, CO. Lastly, there is a series of patient-oriented Exercise is Medicine® videos covering the basics of aerobic and strength training programs in well-organized 3- to 5-min clips which can be easily understood with average health literacy and English proficiency.
Essential Anatomy 5 by 3D4Medical
Description: Essential Anatomy 5 is an award-winning desktop, tablet, and smartphone application featuring interactive three-dimensional anatomy models. This tool has gained international recognition as an industry leader in anatomy education and clinical reference. It offers users the ability to isolate specific systems and structures within each system by selectively removing adjacent structures and intuitively moving the remaining model in three-dimensional space. Customized pins can be placed to reference common structures of interest. This can be efficiently deployed in the clinical setting to educate sports medicine patients regarding the anatomy of their injuries. In addition, the app provides clinicians and trainees with a robust visualization of pertinent anatomy for complex cases, procedures, and scholarly presentations. The above-listed web site is well organized with links to app tutorials, frequently asked questions, support, platform-specific downloads, and other 3D4Medical products.
Cost: US $19.99 for smartphone/tablets; US $29.99 for desktops
American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria
Description: The American College of Cardiology publishes this online tool to aid in the appropriate use of radiology resources for specific clinical concerns. Importantly, this set of guidelines has been certified as a “qualified provider-led entity” for the provision of appropriate use criteria by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). As such, this tool will provide a basis for which CMS will approve or deny CT and MRI studies for Medicare/Medicaid patients. As it pertains to musculoskeletal imaging, the web site and accompanying mobile application provide tables containing appropriateness rating scores, relative radiation levels, and relevant primary literature for imaging modalities which may be used for most commonly imaged structures. For example, separate tables exist for acute and chronic pain presentations of the foot, ankle, wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee, and hip. Special circumstances, such as total joint (shoulder, knee, hip) arthroplasties, stress fractures, and musculoskeletal malignancies, have their own searchable tables. This tool offers an efficient means of determining the best approach to imaging in complex sports medicine cases.
Team USA Biathlon Safety
Description: The Team USA biathlon safety page offers resources for biathlon competitors to learn the rules of the sport including both shooting and rollerskiing safety. They are both written and video links created by instructors from the US Biathlon Association and the US National Guard outlining basic safety principles of the sport. The fundamentals of biathlon shooting safety provide valuable considerations for recreational shooters of all disciplines. Pyeongchang, South Korea will host the 2018 Winter Olympics which are expected to drive greater interest in biathlon and other winter sports. The Team USA Biathlon page can help new athletes locate biathlon clubs closest to them to seek appropriate training from local experts. There also are links to similar pages for all other Winter Olympic sports with comparable resources for current and prospective athletes. These pages can be helpful for sports medicine practitioners to direct their patients toward safe practices within biathlon and other winter sports.