Participation in skiing, and especially snowboarding, continues to rise. As participation and level of competition in these winter sports increases, the number of injuries increases as well. Upper-extremity injuries are more common in snowboarding, whereas lower-extremity injuries are more common in skiing. Head injuries, particularly concussions, are common in both sports. Special consideration in these sports should be given to environmental conditions, such as high altitude and ultraviolet radiation. The purpose of this review is to discuss the most common musculoskeletal injuries seen in skiing and snowboarding, as well as considerations for initial assessment of these injuries and triage to the appropriate level of care. It is important for sports medicine physicians covering these sports to understand initial assessment and treatment of these injuries. Due to the potential for severe injuries in these sports, it is important to be able to quickly recognize an injury that needs to be assessed and treated urgently or emergently. With the increased participation and number of injuries in these sports, it also is important to consider prevention strategies that may minimize risk of injury.
1Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellow, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO
2Department of Family Medicine and Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO
Address for correspondence: Morteza Khodaee, MD, MPH, Department of Family Medicine and Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, AFW Clinic, 3055 Roslyn Street, Denver, CO 80238; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.