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Sleep Deprivation and Its Contribution to Mood and Performance Deterioration in College Athletes

Bolin, Delmas J. MD, PhD, FACSM

Current Sports Medicine Reports: August 2019 - Volume 18 - Issue 8 - p 305–310
doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000621
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Sleep deprivation is very common among collegiate student athletes, resulting in impacts on mood, physiology, and performance. There are multifactorial contributions to sleep deprivation, but resulting alterations in sleep architecture explain impacts on learning, vigilance, mood, and athletic performance. Recognition of the physical impacts is key. Clinical inquiry is warranted. Medication can be helpful short term but should be used with caution due to effects on sleep cycle and the potential for addiction. Education is an effective intervention to increase sleep time, improve mood, and improve long-term sleep habits. Sleep extension, particularly in the setting of chronic partial sleep deprivation improves mood, vigilance, and athletic performance in the college setting.

Sports & Family Medicine, Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Blacksburg, VA; Radford University, Radford, VA; Roanoke College, Salem, VA

Address for correspondence: Delmas J. Bolin, MD, PhD, FACSM, Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Virginia Campus, Blacksburg, VA; E-mail: dbolin@vt.vcom.edu.

Copyright © 2019 by the American College of Sports Medicine.