Due to the unique demands of sport participation on the body, female athletes are at increased risk for pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) and relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). A high number of female athletes suffer from PFD, especially urinary incontinence. Several biomechanical and physiological risk factors may play a role in the development of PFD in female athletes. RED-S has been shown to be associated with PFD. The goal of this commentary is to discuss RED-S as a risk factor for PFD and propose a mechanism for this relationship.
1International Hypopressive & Physical Therapy Institute, Vigo, SPAIN; and
2Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
Address for correspondence: Andrea Stracciolini, MD, FAAP, FACSM, Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedics, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115; E-mail: Andrea.email@example.com.