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Caring for Umpires, Officials, and Referees

Erickson, Steven M. MD1; Letendre, Mark A. ATC1; Shaarawy, Kareem M. MD2; Overlin, Amy Jo F. MD2

doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e31826993af
Sport-Specific Illness and Injury: Section Articles

Umpires, referees, and sports officials have not been accorded the same attention as athletes by the sports medicine community. The physical and psychological demands of their jobs expose them to a unique constellation of medical, psychological, and orthopedic problems. Likewise their age, fitness level, and disease risk factors may warrant closer scrutiny for them and greater need for participation evaluation than the athletes with whom they share the field. Limited medical literature is published regarding the care of sports officials, even though they have a higher incidence of medical problems, cardiovascular risk, and orthopedic injuries than sports participants.

1Major League Baseball, New York, NY; and 2Sports Medicine Fellowship, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ

Address for correspondence: Steven M. Erickson, MD, Medical Consultant Major League Baseball Umpire Department, Major League Baseball, 245 Park Ave, 34th Floor, New York, New York, 10167; E-mail:

© 2012 American College of Sports Medicine