Adults 65 years and older constitute the most rapidly growing segment of the US population. Sedentary lifestyle is a major risk factor for chronic disease and disability in the elderly. Physical activity levels among most older adults are insufficient to confer health benefits. This paper reviews recent evidence that physical activity and exercise training can positively modify the pathophysiology and outcomes of two leading causes of death and disability in the elderly: cardiovascular disease and fall-related injuries.
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© 2002 American College of Sports Medicine