“Digital Clinical Placements”: Challenges in a Lower Middle-Income Country : Academic Medicine

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“Digital Clinical Placements”: Challenges in a Lower Middle-Income Country

Guragai, Mandeep

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Academic Medicine 96(1):p e1, January 2021. | DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003798
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To the Editor:

To adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic and a nationwide lockdown in Nepal, my medical school shifted in April 2020 from traditional classroom-based lectures to online theory classes. In these times, “digital clinical placements,” as proposed by Sam et al,1 seem like the most plausible way of allowing medical education to continue. However, such virtual clinical placements present a set of challenges for a lower middle-income country like mine.

The technologies required for digital clinical placements might not be as easily available in low- and middle-income countries as they are in higher-income nations. Before the pandemic, medical education at my institution relied on traditional lectures and “real-life” clinical placements. Technology use was largely limited to lecture slide presentations and occasional audiovisual aids. Online learning is a new method of teaching and learning in Nepal. Neither my country’s policies nor its infrastructure seem to have caught up with this novel modality.

The Nepal Medical Council has announced that it will not accept any substitutions for the usual in-person and hands-on training in a medical school. Therefore, virtual clinical placements will not be considered the same as hands-on placements for completion of medical training and eligibility for a medical license. But with an increasing number of COVID-19 cases and a second nationwide lockdown in place, my institution decided in August 2020 to trial some practical classes (online placements).

Unfortunately, the lack of reliable Internet access and the unreliability of mobile data proved to be a major constraint for some of my colleagues who returned to their villages during the pandemic. A few of them have not been able to attend any or most of the online classes. For the rest of us, poor audio and video quality due to slow Internet connections has affected the clarity and smoothness of the classes. For example, identifying clinical instruments and specimens is an essential part of our clinical placements and university examinations. Learning them through the pixelated video, because of poor connections and use of integrated webcams, has been difficult. Moreover, the very essence of clinical placements—patient history, examination techniques and findings, investigation and management plans—all of which should be included in a “digital placement”1—seem to be lacking.

Therefore, while the uncertainties of the future are still in place, with COVID-19 cases rising and the possibility of a third lockdown, for now we are eager to resume in-person training in our institution in October 2020.


1. Sam AH, Millar KR, Lupton MGF. Digital clinical placement for medical students in response to COVID-19. Acad Med. 2020;95:1126.
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