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A New Leadership Curriculum: The Multiplication of Intelligence

Wiseman, Liz MA; Bradwejn, Jacques MD; Westbroek, Erick M.

doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000146

The authors propose a new model of leadership for the clinical setting. The authors’ research suggests that there is latent intelligence inside business and educational organizations because many leaders operate in a way that shuts down the intelligence of others. Such leaders are classified as “Diminishers.” In the clinical setting this behavior creates a hidden curriculum in medical education, passing on unprofessional patterns of behavior to future physicians. Other leaders, however, amplify intelligence, produce better outcomes, and grow talent. These leaders are classified as “Multipliers.” The authors suggest that Multiplier leadership should become the standard leadership practice in medical schools. Case studies of a Multiplier and a Diminisher are presented and illustrate the positive effect these leaders can have on medical education and health organizations.

Ms. Wiseman is president, The Wiseman Group, Menlo Park, California.

Dr. Bradwejn is dean and professor of psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Mr. Westbroek is a fifth-year medical student, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Funding/Support: None.

Ethical approval: IRB approval was not sought for any of the research conducted in Multipliers: How the Best Leaders Make Everyone Smarter or in The Multiplier Effect: Tapping the Genius Inside Our Schools.

Previous presentations: These ideas were presented in part at the 2012 AAMC annual meeting, San Francisco, California.

Correspondence should be addressed to Ms. Wiseman, 2164 Ashton Ave., Menlo Park, CA 94025; e-mail:

© 2014 by the Association of American Medical Colleges