A patient with gunshots within inches of the skin developed intraoperative vasodilatory hypotension and methemoglobinemia, both recognized consequences of nitrite poisoning. A 1- mg/kg dose of methylene blue transiently and partially reversed methemoglobinemia, but the color of the methylene blue faded rapidly, consistent with bleaching of methylene blue by nitrite in vivo. Methylene blue did not raise blood pressure, consistent with inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. Because NO production from nitrite uses an NO synthase (NOS)-independent pathway, methylene blue is expected to have little effect on reversing hypotension from nitrite poisoning. Consider nitrite toxicity in gunshot patients with refractory vasodilatory hypotension and elevated methemoglobin.