This case report describes a neonate with tracheal aplasia first diagnosed after birth due to the presentation of respiratory distress, absence of crying, and unsuccessful tracheal intubation. The most common finding with tracheal aplasia is polyhydramnios. However, diagnosis remains challenging in the prenatal period. In this case, maternal obesity and gestational diabetes made diagnosis more difficult. The only lifesaving treatment available is ventilation through esophageal intubation or tracheostomy. However, in some cases, tracheostomy is not an option.