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Anesthesia in the Form of Audiovisual Distraction for a Child Requiring Surgery With End-Stage Cardiomyopathy: A Case Report

Adler, Adam C. MD, MS, FAAP, FASE; Elattary, Tamer MD; Chandrakantan, Arvind MD, MBA, FAAP, FASA

doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000001081
Case Reports

Anesthetizing children with extreme cardiopulmonary illness can be especially challenging. In adults, a host of alternatives to general anesthesia for the labile patient are available, However, in children, these techniques may be challenging due to a lack of patient cooperation. Distraction techniques have been successfully used to reduce procedural pain. The patient whose case is reported here required surgery for inguinal hernia repair after repeated bowel incarceration. Due to severe end-stage cardiomyopathy, the risk of general anesthesia was deemed excessive. Distraction was used to usher the patient through an awake caudal block for avoidance of general anesthesia.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Accepted for publication July 19, 2019.

Funding: None.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Address correspondence to Adam C. Adler, MD, MS, FAAP, FASE, Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin St, Suite #A3300, Houston, TX 77030. Address e-mail to

Copyright © 2019 International Anesthesia Research Society
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