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Spinal Cord Stimulation in Patients With Chronic Pain and Restless Legs Syndrome: A Case Report

Byrne, David A. MD*; Sobey, Christopher M. MD; Trahan, Jake III MD*; Bagai, Kanika MD; Walters, Arthur MD

doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000001007
Case Reports

Restless legs syndrome can be a debilitating condition that affects a patient’s ability to function and their quality of life. Neuromodulation may represent a potential option for nonpharmacological management of restless legs syndrome. We present 3 patients who have a chronic pain diagnosis and medically refractory restless legs syndrome that warranted neuromodulation. After neuromodulation, all 3 patients had improvement in their restless legs syndrome symptoms and were taking less pain medication, and 2 out of 3 had significantly improved functionality at short-term follow-up. This case series suggests that spinal cord stimulation may be a viable nonpharmacological treatment option for medically refractory restless legs syndrome.

From the *Department of Anesthesiology

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pain Medicine

Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Accepted for publication February 20, 2019.

Funding: None.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Address correspondence to Jake Trahan III, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1211 Medical Center Dr, Nashville, TN 37232. Address e-mail to

Copyright © 2019 International Anesthesia Research Society
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