To present our intermediate to long-term oncological and functional outcomes of robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RA-RPLND) in post-chemotherapy (PC) residual mass in testicular cancers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest single-centre experience of RA-RPLND for in such setting.
Prospectively maintained database of carcinoma testis patients undergoing RA-RPLND from February 2012 to September 2021 was reviewed. Patient demographics, tumour stage and risk groups and chemotherapy details were recorded. Intraoperative details and post-operative complications were also noted. Pathological outcomes included were lymph node yield and histopathology report. Further, follow-up was done for recurrence and antegrade ejaculation status.
Total of 37 cases were done for PC residual masses. International germ cell cancer collaborative group good, intermediate and poor risk proportion was 18 (48.6%), 14 (37.8%) and 5 (13.5%), respectively. Bilateral full template dissection, unilateral modified template dissection and residual mass excision was performed in 59.5% (22/37), 35.1% (13/37) and 5.4% (2/37) patients, respectively. The median size of the excised residual mass was 3.45 cm interquartile range (IQR 2–6 cm), with the largest being 9 cm. The median lymph nodal yield was 19. The most common histology was necrosis (n = 24, 65%), followed by teratoma (n = 11, 30%) and viable malignancy (n = 2, 5%). Antegrade ejaculation was reported in 32 patients (86.4%). After a median follow-up of 41 (IQR 14–64) months, only one patient had a recurrence.
RA-PC-RPLND is thus a safe, feasible and oncologically effective option for selected patients. With increasing experience, larger masses can also be dealt with efficiently.