About the Society
Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research [SPER] is a scientific, educational and professional non-profit organization committed to promote the highest professional and ethical standards of pharmacy and to work for the growth, development and betterment in the field of pharmacy. It is a registered Society under the M.P. Societies Act 1973, No. 44 of 1973.
Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research [SPER] is one of the leading pharmaceutical association in the country and working in the interest of pharmaceutical professionals, with a member base of around 3,500, it spread across the country and have 13 state branches.
To promote research in pharmacy and allied disciplines, with particular reference to the current development in the field;
For the advancement of pharmacy in the country; and To collect, evaluate, disseminate and to employ the knowledge acquired for the benefit of the country.
To work continuously with pharmacy institutions and pharmaceutical research industries for the growth and advancement of pharmacy profession.
About the Journal
Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] is an Official Publication of Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research. It is an international journal published quarterly.
Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] is available in online and print version.
It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to communicate high quality original research work, reviews, short communications, case report, Ethics Forum, Education Forum and Letter to editor that contribute significantly to further the scientific knowledge related but not limited to the field of Pharmacy, health and allied sciences. Articles with timely interest, in-vivo studies and newer research concepts will be given more preference.
All articles published in this journal represent the opinion of the authors and not reflect the official policy of the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR].
All papers are subjected to peer-review.
Due to high publishing cost and other financial constraints in the year 2022, Articles clearing in peer review process or upon acceptance, Authors are required to pay [per article] INR 40000/- [for authors from India] and USD 700 [for overseas authors] towards article processing charges [APC] w.e.f. February 1, 2023.
NOTE: Special discount [INR 1000/- and USD 50] in the APC will be given for the Life Members of Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research [SPER]. The APC for Life Members of Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research [SPER] from India will be INR 39000/- per article and APC for SPER overseas Life Members will be USD 650 per article.
Scope of the journal
This Journal publishes original research work, reviews, short communications, case report, ethics forum, education forum and letter to editor that contribute significantly to further the scientific knowledge related but not limited to the field of Pharmacy, health and allied sciences.
Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] hopes that researchers, research scholars, academicians, industrialists etc. would make use of this journal publication for the development in the field of Pharmaceutical science and advanced technology related to Pharmacy, health and allied sciences profession.
The Editorial Process
A manuscript will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that it is being submitted to Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] alone at that point in time and has not been published anywhere, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere. The journal expects that authors would authorize one of them to correspond with the Journal for all matters related to the manuscript. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged. On submission, editor review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal review. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific or technical flaws, or lack of a significant message, if not prepared as per journals instructions are rejected before proceeding for formal peer-review. Manuscripts that are unlikely to be of interest to the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] readers are also liable to be rejected at this stage itself.
Manuscripts that are found suitable for publication in Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] are sent to two or more expert reviewers. During submission, the contributor is requested to provide names of two or three qualified reviewers who have had experience in the subject of the submitted manuscript, but this is not mandatory. The reviewers should not be affiliated with the same institutes as the contributor/s. However, the selection of these reviewers is at the sole discretion of the editor. The journal follows a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity. Every manuscript is finally reviewed by the Editor of the journal, who based on the comments from the reviewers takes a final decision on the manuscript. The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author. If required, the author is requested to provide a point by point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript.
Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three days. It may not be possible to incorporate corrections received after that period. The whole process of submission of the manuscript to final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online. To achieve faster and greater dissemination of knowledge and information, the journal publishes articles online as ‘Ahead of Print’ immediately on acceptance.
Clinical trial registry
Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] favors registration of clinical trials and is a signatory to the Statement on publishing clinical trials in Indian research journals. Registration in the following trial registers is acceptable:https://ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials/login.php;
The trials conducted outside India may be registered with any other clinical trial registry.
Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to each of the three components mentioned below:
Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data;
Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
Final approval of the version to be published.
Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. The journal prescribes a maximum number of six (06) authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope and number of institutions involved (vide infra). The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.
Conflicts of Interest/ Competing Interests
All authors of submitting manuscript to the journal must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.
Submission of Manuscripts:
All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website http://www.journalonweb.com/japtr. First time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory. Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their user name and password.
The submitted manuscripts that are not as per the “Instructions to Authors” will be directly rejected. Generally, the manuscript should be submitted in the form of two separate files:
 Title Page/First Page File/covering letter:
This file should provide
a) The type of manuscript (original article, case report, review article, short communications, Ethics Forum, Education Forum, Letter to editor, Images, etc.) title of the manuscript, running title, names of all authors/ contributors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations) and name(s) of department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited. All information which can reveal your identity should be here. Use text/rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files.
b) The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references, tables and abstract), word counts for introduction + discussion in case of an original article;
c) Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;
d) Acknowledgement, if any. This should be included in the title page of the manuscript and not in the main article file.
e) If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read. A full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant publication of the same or very similar work. Any such work should be referred to specifically, and referenced in the new paper. Copies of such material should be included with the submitted paper, to help the editor decide how to handle the matter.
f) Registration number in case of a clinical trial and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL)
g)Conflicts of Interest of each author/ contributor. A statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest, if that information is not included in the manuscript itself or in an authors' form
h) Criteria for inclusion in the authors’/ contributors’ list
i) A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work, if that information is not provided in another form (see below); and
j) The name, address, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs, if that information is not included on the manuscript itself.
 Blinded Article file: The manuscript must not contain any mention of the authors' names or initials or the institution at which the study was done or acknowledgements. Page headers/running title can include the title but not the authors' names. Manuscripts not in compliance with The Journal's blinding policy will be returned to the corresponding author. The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. Use rtf/doc files. Do not zip the files. Tables and images should be incorporated in this file. The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of the blinded article file.
 Images: Submit good quality color images. Each image should be less than 4 MB in size. Size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1800 x 1200 pixels or 5-6 inches). Images can be submitted as jpeg files. Do not zip the files. Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.
 The contributors' / copyright transfer form (template provided below) has to be submitted online in original with the signatures of all the contributors from the authors’ area on http://www.journalonweb.com/japtr
Publication / processing fee
Article processing charge:
The journal charges following fee on acceptance
Case Report, Letter To Editor, Original Article, Review Article, Short Communication: US $ 700 (for overseas authors), INR 40000 (for authors from India)
Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2006). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] are summarized below. Before submitting a manuscript, contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal http://www.japtr.org and from the manuscript submission site (http://www.journalonweb.com/japtr).
The manuscript should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized-paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides. Times New Roman font 12 pt should be used. The fonts used in the text as well as graphics should be restricted to Times New Roman, Symbol and Zapf Dingbats. The prescribed word count for original research article and review articles are up to 3000 words including tables, references and abstract.
Title: Should be in Title Case; the first character in each word in the title has to be capitalized.
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE:
An original research article typically should include the following in the order given below:
Materials and Methods
Results including Tables and/or Figures
Acknowledgements [if any]
Appendixes [if necessary]
Abbreviations used [if necessary]
Should be structured with the following headings for an original article: context, objective, materials and methods, results, discussion and conclusion and limited to 250 Words.
No more than six keywords are needed. Words appearing in the title should not be given as keywords. It is desirable to include the alternative words, if any under keywords e.g. the word ‘famotidine’. They should be written left aligned, arranged alphabetically in 12pt Times Roman, and the line must begin with the words Keywords boldfaced. A 12pt space should separate the keywords from the affiliations.
Description of the research area, pertinent background information, and the hypotheses tested in the study should be included under this section. The introduction should provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the work to be described. Introduction should be precise and a detailed review of literature is not at all required under this section. The specific aims of the project should be identified along with rationale for the specific experiments and other work performed. The introduction MUST include in-text citations including a few references pertinent to the background and justification for the study.
Materials and Methods
Materials and/or subjects utilized in the study as well as the procedures undertaken to complete the work. The methods should be described in sufficient detail such that they could be repeated by a competent researcher. The sources of all major instruments and reagents used (kits, drugs, etc) must be given with parentheses. Illustrations and/or tables may be helpful in describing complex equipment or elaborate procedures. The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned. All procedures involving experimental animals or human subjects must accompany a statement on ethical approval from appropriate ethics committee along with the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) approval number.
Data acquired from the research with appropriate statistical analysis described in the methods section should be included in this section. The results section should highlight the important results obtained. Data should be organized into figures and tables. Qualitative as well as quantitative results should be included, if applicable.
This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field. Description of relevant references to other work/s in the field should be included here.
This section allows the author to discuss the significance of the results - i.e. does the data support the hypotheses you set out to test? This section should end with new answers/questions that arise as a result of the author’s work.
Tables and Figures
Tables should be numbered with Roman numerals according to their sequence in the text, and have a short self-explanatory heading. Use SI units. Tables should include vertical rules, but horizontal rules should separate column headings from the content. Authors should keep in mind the page layout of the journal when designing tables. Tables that fit onto one printed page are preferred. Detailed explanations of symbols, units, and abbreviations should be given below the table.
General Guidelines for units and symbols - The use of the international System of Units (SI) is recommended.
Amount of substance
Use lowercase for symbols or abbreviations,
Symbols are not followed by a period, exception end of sentence
Do not pluralize symbols
When numbers are printed symbols are preferred
Space between number and symbol
Place a zero before a decimal
Decimal numbers are preferable to fractions
Space used to separate long number exception four-digit numbers
1 500 000
Chemical terminology - The chemical nomenclature used must be in accordance with that used in the Chemical Abstracts.
Symbols and abbreviations - In vitro, in vivo, in situ, ex vivo, ad libitum, et al. and so on are two words each and should be written in italics. None of the above is a hyphenated word. All foreign language (other than English) names and words shall be in italics as a general rule. Words such as carrageenan-induced inflammation, paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity, isoproterenol-induced myocardial necrosis, dose-dependent manner are all hyphenated.
Biological nomenclature - Names of plants, animals and bacteria should be in italics.
Enzyme nomenclature - The trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. When the enzyme is the main subject of a paper, its code number and systematic name should be stated at its first citation in the paper.
Spelling - These should be as in the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English.
1. Upload the images in JPEG format. The file size should be within 4 MB in size while uploading. Send sharp, glossy, un-mounted, color photographic prints, with height of 4 inches and width of 6 inches at the time of submitting the revised manuscript DO NOT Forgot to write the manuscript reference number to:
Medknow Publications And Media Pvt. Ltd.,
B9, Kanara Business Centre, Off Link Road,
Ghatkopar (East), Mumbai – 400075 Maharashtra, INDIA.
2. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
3. Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size. The lettering for figures should be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit the width of a printed column.
4. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should mark neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen.
5. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.
6. When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.
7. The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.
8. If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
9. If a figure has been published elsewhere, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. A credit line should appear in the legend for such figures.
10. Legends for illustrations: Type or print out legends (maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line) for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one in the legend. Explain the internal scale (magnification) and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
11. Final figures for print production: If the uploaded images are not printable quality, the publisher office may request for higher resolution images which can be sent at the time of acceptance of the manuscript. Print outs of digital photographs are not acceptable. If digital images are the only source of images, ensure that the image has minimum resolution of 300 dpi or 1800 x 1600 pixels in TIFF format. Send the images on a CD. Each figure should have a label pasted (avoid use of liquid gum for pasting) on its back indicating the number of the figure, the running title, top of the figure and the legends of the figure. Do not write the contributor/s' name/s. Do not write on the back of figures, scratch, or mark them by using paper clips.
12. The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.
Table and Figure captions
Figure captions/legends should include a statement at the end of each caption/legend about reproduction size (e.g. at full page width, at column width). They should be double spaced and typed in the journal format. Explanations should be brief and authors should keep in mind that captions/legends will be placed below figures.
Those who have helped the authors carry out the study and/or prepare the manuscript but have not made significant intellectual contribution to deserve authorship must be acknowledged. Mention all applicable grants and other funding that supported the work.
It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. A short summary of the work done by the contributor(s) in the field of review should accompany the manuscript.
The prescribed word count is up to 3000 words including tables, references and abstract. The manuscript may have about 70 references.
For a review article, abstract should be structured as follows: context, objective, methods (including data sources, study selection and data extraction), results and conclusion.
Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.
The journal expects the contributors to give post-publication updates on the subject of review. The update should be brief, covering the advances in the field after the publication of the article and should be sent as a letter to editor, as and when major development occurs in the field.
New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. These communications could be of up to 1000 words (including Abstract and references) and could be supported with up to 10 references. Case Reports could be authored by up to four authors and should have the following headings: Abstract (structured), Key-words, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Reference, and Tables and Legends in that order.
LETTER TO THE EDITOR:
These should be short and decisive observations. They should preferably be related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the journal. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. The letter could have up to 500 words and 5 references. It could be generally authored by not more than four authors.
Editorial, Guest Editorial, and Commentary are solicited by the editorial board.
In-text citation Correct / Acceptable Format
Respiratory tract infection is one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. This infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients in developing countries.  Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), which involve the upper or lower respiratory tract, frequently occurs after birth. [2, 3] RTIs, such as sore throat, earache, laryngitis, common cold, otitis media, sinusitis, and mastoiditis, are the most frequently-occurred infections of all human diseases and have been frequently documented. [4-9]
Incorrect / Not accepted
Respiratory tract infection is one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. This infection is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients in developing countries [1, 2, 3]. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), which involve the upper or lower respiratory tract, frequently occurs after birth.  RTIs, such as sore throat, earache, laryngitis, common cold, otitis media, sinusitis, and mastoiditis, are the most frequently-occurred infections of all human diseases and have been frequently documented (4, 5).
Reference List: Author/Authors JOURNAL REFERENCES
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25; 347(4): 284-7.
More than six authors
Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935(1-2): 40-6.
Organization as Author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002; 40(5): 679-86.
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002; 325(7357): 184-5.
Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6): [about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm Note: Plant/Micro organisms, in-vivo, in-vitro should be in italics.
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Paller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
Organization(s) as author
Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practice development, 1999-2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University; 2001.
Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumors V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002. Thesis N. Khoshakhlagh. The compositions of volatile fractions of Peganum harmala seeds and its smoke. Pharm. D. Thesis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (2002).
Website information Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
All messages and reviews sent electronically will be acknowledged automatically upon receipt.
Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy
Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained informed consent from the patients. The journal abides by ICMJE guidelines:
1) Authors, not the journals nor the publisher, need to obtain the patient consent form before the publication and have the form properly archived. The consent forms are not to be uploaded with the cover letter or sent through email to editorial or publisher offices.
2) If the manuscript contains patient images that preclude anonymity, or a description that has obvious indication to the identity of the patient, a statement about obtaining informed patient consent should be indicated in the manuscript.
Sending a revised manuscript
The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a manner similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. However, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file while submitting a revised version. When submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include, the ‘referees’ remarks along with point to point clarification at the beginning in the revised file itself. In addition, they are expected to mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.
Reprints and proofs
Journal provides no free printed reprints. Authors can purchase reprints, payment for which should be done at the time of submitting the proofs
The entire contents of the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research [JAPTR] are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights.
Signed by all contributors
Previous publication / presentations mentioned
Source of funding mentioned
Conflicts of interest disclosed
hese ready to use templates are made to help the contributors write as per the requirements of the Journal.
Save the templates on your computer and use them with a word processor program.
Click open the file and save as the manuscript file.
In the program keep 'Document Map' and 'Comments' on from 'View' menu to navigate through the file.
Download Template for Original Articles/ABSTRACT Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Case Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Review Articles. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Letter to the Editor. (.DOT file)