You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you...

If you have access to this article through your institution,
you can view this article in

Carotid and Vertebral Artery Doppler Ultrasound Waveforms: A Pictorial Review

Ginat, Daniel T. MD, MS; Bhatt, Shweta MD; Sidhu, Ravinder MD; Dogra, Vikram MD

Ultrasound Quarterly:
doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0b013e31821c7f6a
Pictorial Essay

Carotid and vertebral artery spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms can be affected by many types of local lesions, proximal cardiovascular disease, and devices, as well as distal cerebrovascular disease. Recognizing abnormal spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms and their significance is important for proper management. Examples of normal and abnormal carotid and vertebral artery spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms are reviewed and illustrated in this pictorial review.

Author Information

Department of Imaging Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Received for publication November 7, 2010; accepted January 5, 2011.

Reprints: Daniel T. Ginat, MD, MS, Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY 14642 (e-mail:

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.