Carotid and Vertebral Artery Doppler Ultrasound Waveforms: A Pictorial ReviewGinat, Daniel T. MD, MS; Bhatt, Shweta MD; Sidhu, Ravinder MD; Dogra, Vikram MDUltrasound Quarterly: June 2011 - Volume 27 - Issue 2 - pp 81-85 doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0b013e31821c7f6a Pictorial Essay Abstract Author Information Carotid and vertebral artery spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms can be affected by many types of local lesions, proximal cardiovascular disease, and devices, as well as distal cerebrovascular disease. Recognizing abnormal spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms and their significance is important for proper management. Examples of normal and abnormal carotid and vertebral artery spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms are reviewed and illustrated in this pictorial review. Department of Imaging Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY. Received for publication November 7, 2010; accepted January 5, 2011. Reprints: Daniel T. Ginat, MD, MS, Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY 14642 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.