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Lower Extremity Strength and Balance: A Comparison of Fallers and Nonfallers

Chiacchiero, Michael DPT, PT; Hazan, Noam DPT; Kronenberg, Jonathan DPT; Maskaron, Jason DPT

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0b013e318257d1ed
Special Features

Body sway measurements as well as lower extremity muscle strength between elderly fallers and nonfallers were compared. Nineteen subjects who reported falling at least twice in the last 6 months and 24 nonfallers participated in the study. Both fallers and nonfallers had significant increases in measurements of body sway while standing on foam when compared with baseline value of eyes open (P = .000). Left ankle dorsiflexors was the only muscle group that was significantly weaker in fallers than in nonfallers (P = .016). Muscle force asymmetry was found in the quadriceps muscle for both groups and ankle dorsiflexors only in fallers.

College of Staten Island, Staten Island, New York.

Correspondence: Michael Chiacchiero, DPT, PT, College of Staten Island, 2800 Victory Blvd, Staten Island, NY 10314 (Michael.chiacchiero@csi.cuny.edu).

No grant monies of any kind were obtained for this study.

The authors thank all of the subjects who participated in this study. They also thank Neil Anastasio, who was instrumental in helping to forge the ongoing relationship between The College of Staten Island and Lutheran HealthCare, and all of the staff of Lutheran HealthCare, Shore Hill Senior Housing, especially Larry Lam and Felicia Thompson, who were so integral to the project's success.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.