The purpose of this article is to present practitioners with current empirical evidence on 3 nonpharmacological, cognitive-linguistic interventions for persons with dementia. We begin with a brief review of cognitive-communicative functioning in Alzheimer disease, followed by presenting rationale for conducting comprehensive assessments and systematic interventions for persons with dementia. We then review recently published evidence and new empirical data on the treatment outcomes of 3 contemporary intervention approaches—spaced retrieval training, use of memory books and wallets, and Montessori-based interventions. These interventions were selected on the basis of high quality, replicable evidence of positive treatment outcomes, interdisciplinary appeal, and potential for optimizing functioning and quality of life of persons with dementia and their caregivers.
Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, California State University East Bay, Hayward (Dr Mahendra); and Aging and Cognition Research Clinic (Dr Mahendra and Mss Scullion and Hamerschlag).
Correspondence: Nidhi Mahendra, Room MB 1099, Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, California State University, East Bay 25800, Carlos Bee Blvd, Hayward, CA 94542 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Preparation of this article was made possible by an Alzheimer's Association research grant and a faculty development grant from California State University East Bay.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.