More than 300,000 people are hospitalized each year for the treatment of hip fracture. It has been reported that mortality rates are as high as 25% for the first year following a hip fracture. The probability of a significant decline in functional independence is high. A Cochrane review concluded that reports of randomized controlled trials did not provide robust evidence of the impact of rehabilitation programs for people who had sustained a hip fracture. This article describes the functional outcome in a randomized controlled trial of implementing a high-intensity exercise training program twice a week for 8 weeks for people who underwent surgical repair of a hip fracture following a mechanical fall.