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Differences in the Use of Protein Supplements and Protein-Rich Food as Seen Among US Recreational Athletes

Cantarow, Madelyn E. MS, RN; Livermore, Alyssa A. MS, RD; McEntee, Kelsey B. MS; Brown, Lisa S. PhD, RD

doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000029
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A survey was conducted to investigate the protein consumption patterns of recreational athletes (athletes participating in moderate to vigorous physical activity at least 30 min/d, 3 or more times per week). In total, 70 men and 169 women completed an online survey. Categorical data were evaluated by gender, age, physical exercise type, and frequency of exercise using chi-square (χ2) analyses with a significance level of P < .05. Significant associations were detected between gender, type of exercise, and frequency of exercise and protein supplement use. Dietitians and health care professionals in exercise science should educate their clients on protein adequacy.

Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, Massachusetts.

Correspondence: Madelyn E. Cantarow, MS, RN, Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 35 Railroad Ave, Norwood, MA 02062 (mcantarow@gmail.com).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

The authors have received funding from Simmons College School of Nursing and Health Sciences.

M.E.C., A.A.L., K.B.M., and L.S.B. received incentive reimbursement from Simmons College to present this study. M.E.C., A.A.L., and K.B.M. designed the study, collected and analyzed data, and prepared the manuscript. The study was reviewed and finalized by L.S.B. All authors approved the final version of the paper.

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