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Management of Hyponatremia Associated With Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

Hong, Lily MPH, RD, CLE

Topics in Clinical Nutrition:
doi: 10.1097/01.TIN.0000445902.90393.82
Case Reports
Abstract

Hyponatremia is a commonly encountered electrolyte disorder among hospitalized patients, and it is often underrecognized and undertreated. The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is one of the causes of hyponatremia. Diagnosed by exclusion, failure to recognize it early may delay treatment and increase morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this article is to review the pathophysiology, causes, clinical features, diagnostic criteria, and current recommended treatments of SIADH. A case study of a hospitalized patient diagnosed with SIADH is presented.

Author Information

School of Health Related Professions, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark.

Correspondence: Lily Hong, MPH, RD, CLE, School of Health Related Professions, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 65 Bergen St, Newark, NJ 07107 (honglc@umdnj.edu).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2014Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins