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Body Composition Changes and Reduction of Risk for Metabolic Syndrome After Bariatric Surgery: Implications for the Registered Dietitian

Baudino-Burgarello, Erin MS, RD, LD; Cohen, Deborah DCN, RD; Cerami, Jean MS, RD, LD; Conn, Carole A. PhD, RD, CSSD, LD, FACSM

Topics in Clinical Nutrition:
doi: 10.1097/01.TIN.0000443024.21277.0f
Weight Management

Assessment of body composition after bariatric surgery is important for monitoring the changes that occur with respect to lean body mass and fat (subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue). Different procedures (malabsorptive vs restrictive) result in different rates and amounts of lean body mass and adipose tissue loss during the short-term and long-term periods after bariatric surgery. Many of the methods used to assess body composition changes are either impractical or not validated for use in the obese and superobese population. Thus, health care professionals should understand the alterations in body composition changes that occur and be able to educate clients accordingly.

Author Information

Lovelace Westside Hospital, Albuquerque, New Mexico (Ms Baudino-Burgarello); and Nutrition and Dietetics Program (Dr Cohen), Dietetic Internship (Ms Cerami), and Nutrition and Dietetics Program (Dr Conn), University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Correspondence: Erin Baudino-Burgarello, MS, RD, LD, 10501 Golf Course Rd NW, Albuquerque, NM 87114 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no signifi-cant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2014Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins