An update on type 2 diabetes management in primary care

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease impacting glucose metabolism. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) stems from the inability of the body to utilize endogenous insulin properly. Approximately 90% to 95% of newly diagnosed cases of diabetes are T2DM. This article focuses on the initial treatment of T2DM based on the 2017 American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology clinical practice guidelines. The 2017 update includes changes and additions regarding psychosocial management, physical activity, surgery, and hypoglycemia.

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New oral antiplatelet medications

New and more potent oral antiplatelet agents have shown better clinical outcomes over the last few years. This article discusses four of the newest FDA-approved oral antiplatelet agents and simplifies the latest research and guidelines to provide a better understanding of the current oral antiplatelet therapy available, indications and contraindications, genetic considerations in relation to resistance, and major drug interactions.

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Performing pediatric eye exams in primary care

Early vision care is critical for all children. If undetected, eye disorders such as amblyopia and strabismus may result in permanent vision loss. Vision exams should include a careful history and physical including fix and follow, red reflex, and cover/uncover testing. Photo screening and visual acuity exams should be administered whenever possible.

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It is estimated that 75% of patients who are overweight and 90% to 95% of patients who are morbidly obese are afflicted by NAFLD.
It is estimated that 75% of patients who are overweight and 90% to 95% of patients who are morbidly obese are afflicted by NAFLD.
It is estimated that 75% of patients who are overweight and 90% to 95% of patients who are morbidly obese are afflicted by NAFLD.
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