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Nurse Practitioner:
doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000444692.91837.2c
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Club drugs: Coming to a patient near you

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INSTRUCTIONS Club drugs: Coming to a patient near you

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PROVIDER ACCREDITATION

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, publisher of The Nurse Practitioner journal, will award 2.3 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity.

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

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Club drugs: Coming to a patient near you

GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about club drugs and their abuse. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test you should be able to: 1. Identify the classification and format of each of the six club drugs discussed. 2. Correlate the effects and treatment of abuse with each of the club drugs.

  1. Which statement best describes use of club drugs?
    1. They have distinct colors and odors that are easily detectable.
    2. They are losing popularity among adolescents.
    3. They are expensive and difficult to find.
    4. They are used to increase extraversion and heighten mood.
  2. Which statement about MDMA is accurate?
    1. It acts as a stimulant and a psychedelic
    2. It causes drowsiness and unconsciousness.
    3. It causes mental stimulation within 2 to 3 minutes of use.
    4. Its effects last up to 24 hours.
  3. MDMA causes the release of neurotransmitters the result in
    1. hypothermia.
    2. hypotension.
    3. bradycardia.
    4. dehydration.
  4. For several days after taking MDMA, the brain is depleted of
    1. oxygen.
    2. adrenaline.
    3. serotonin.
    4. acetylcholine.
  5. Withdrawal symptoms from MDMA include allexcept
    1. intense thirst.
    2. depression.
    3. fatigue.
    4. difficulty concentrating.
  6. GHB is usually seen as a
    1. small color-coated tablet.
    2. crystal.
    3. liquid or powder.
    4. tablet with an imprinted corporate logo.
  7. Combining GHB with alcohol can result in
    1. central nervous system excitation.
    2. respiratory arrest.
    3. tachycardia.
    4. decreased growth hormone levels.
  8. Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol) is a/an
    1. hallucinogenic.
    2. antidepressant.
    3. sedative hypnotic.
    4. stimulant for narcolepsy.
  9. Flunitrazepam is known as
    1. the date rape drug.
    2. ecstasy.
    3. soap.
    4. ice.
  10. One characteristic of flunitrazepam is that it
    1. has a slightly salty taste.
    2. has no treatment for overdose.
    3. can impair the individual for over 12 hours.
    4. peaks at 2 hours.
  11. Ketamine is a controlled substance on Schedule
    1. I.
    2. II.
    3. III.
    4. IV.
  12. Used for legitimate purposes, ketamine is
    1. a slow-acting anesthetic.
    2. contraindicated in children.
    3. used with other agents for moderate sedation.
    4. injected subcutaneously.
  13. Ketamine overdose is usually treated with
    1. mechanical ventilation and cardiovascular support.
    2. flumazenil.
    3. diazepam.
    4. norepinephrine.
  14. LSD is classified as a/an
    1. anesthetic.
    2. hallucinogenic.
    3. sedative.
    4. central nervous system stimulant.
  15. LSD's effects are classified as allexcept
    1. somatic.
    2. perceptual.
    3. motor.
    4. psychic.
  16. Flashbacks associated with LSD
    1. are brief and self-limited.
    2. only occur after frequent use.
    3. need immediate treatment.
    4. can last from 48 to 72 hours.
  17. Which statement is true about methamphetamine?
    1. It is a central nervous system depressant.
    2. It causes activation of the sympathetic nervous system.
    3. It has a street name of “Super Acid.”
    4. It has an immediate effect when taken intranasally.
  18. Methamphetamine is associated with
    1. a low addiction rate.
    2. life-threatening withdrawal symptoms.
    3. an initial rush followed by prolonged energy depletion.
    4. psychotic-like effects that can continue long after discontinuation.
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