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Nurse Practitioner:
doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000405094.93462.f0
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Women & Heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines

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INSTRUCTIONS Women and heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines

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Women and heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines

General Purpose: To provide the NP with a review of heart disease in women and updated treatment guidelines. Learning Objectives: After reading this article and taking this test, the learner will be able to: 1. Describe the risks and symptoms of heart disease in women. 2. Discuss guidelines for women to prevent and treat heart disease.

1. Compared to men, the rate of MI complications in women is

a. higher.

b. the same.

c. slightly lower.

d. significantly lower.

2. What percentage of women die within 1 year after their first MI?

a. 15%

b. 25%

c. 28%

d. 38%

3. A study found that what percentage of PCPs do not incorporate AHA Evidence-Based Guidelines for Women into practice?

a. 21%

b. 39%

c. 41%

d. 61%

4. About what percentage of American women do not know that CVD is the leading cause of death for women?

a. 50%

b. 60%

c. 70%

d. 80%

5. Women experiencing an MI are more likely to be misdiagnosed because of their atypical

a. ECG findings.

b. symptoms.

c. cardiac enzyme results.

d. troponin results.

6. Women experiencing an MI are more likely to describe their chest pain as

a. achiness.

b. pressure.

c. sharp.

d. crushing.

7. Women experiencing an MI commonly complain of all except

a. breathing difficulties.

b. pain radiating to the back.

c. diaphoresis.

d. unusual fatigue.

8. The top two symptoms of women experiencing an MI are chest pain and

a. shortness of breath.

b. dizziness.

c. nausea.

d. unusual fatigue.

9. According to the literature, MIs are unrecognized in women about what percentage of the time?

a. 6% to 14%

b. 16% to 24%

c. 26% to 54%

d. 56% to 74%

10. Which is a prodromal symptom that many women may experience for up to a year before an MI?

a. leg cramps

b. tearing back pain

c. sleep disturbances

d. depression

11. Women are more likely to describe their angina as

a. stopping with rest.

b. continuing with rest.

c. lessening with rest.

d. worsening with rest.

12. Which of the following is a classification of a woman's CVD risk according to the 2011 AHA guidelines?

a. at no risk

b. at risk

c. Class I risk

d. Type A risk

13. Women should exercise at a moderate intensity for a weekly minimum of

a. 120 minutes.

b. 150 minutes.

c. 180 minutes.

d. 210 minutes.

14. A heart-healthy diet includes

a. limited whole grains

b. moderate amounts of trans fats

c. fish at least twice a week

d. no sugar or sodium

15. Women at high risk for CVD should attain an optimal BP of less than

a. 100/60.

b. 110/70.

c. 120/80.

d. 140/90.

16. The 2011 AHA guidelines include treatment of atrial fibrillation because women are at increased risk for

a. heart failure.

b. hemorrhagic strokes.

c. MI.

d. ischemic stroke.

17. Hormone replacement therapy for CVD prevention in postmenopausal women should be

a. required for all women.

b. limited to women over age 55.

c. limited to women over age 65.

d. avoided for primary and secondary prevention.

18. The goal of the AHA Strategic Planning Task Force is that by 2020, the cardiovascular health of all Americans is improved by

a. 10%.

b. 20%.

c. 30%.

d. 40%.

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