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Primary care of chronic dyspnea in adults

Bull, Amy PhD, FNP-BC

Nurse Practitioner:
doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000451804.06582.5b
Feature: RESPIRATORY ISSUES: CE Connection
Abstract

Abstract: Chronic dyspnea is the presence of shortness of breath lasting for a minimum of 4 weeks. It is a common complaint associated with many of the cardiopulmonary diseases seen in primary care. This article provides a systematic, evidence-based, and cost-effective approach to the evaluation of this complex symptom.

In Brief

Chronic dyspnea is defined as shortness of breath lasting for a minimum of 4 weeks. It is a common complaint associated with many of the cardiopulmonary diseases seen in primary care. This article provides a systematic, evidence-based, and cost-effective approach to the evaluation of this complex symptom.

Author Information

Amy Bull is an assistant professor at Georgetown University School of Nursing & Health Studies, Washington, D.C.

The author has confirmed the following financial relationships: DEA (federal and state), Georgetown University, Dickson Community Clinic, Belmont University, Vanderbilt University, and American College of Nurse Midwives.

The author and planners have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.

© 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins