Abstract: This article discusses the current, evidence-based guidelines for managing venomous snakebites indigenous to the United States. A review of common varieties of venomous snakes, venom effects, risk factors for snakebites, and management strategies are presented to assist nurse practitioners in caring for snakebite victims
Dian Dowling Evans is a Clinical Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Emergency Nurse Practitioner Program at Emory University's Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, Ga. Leah Welbourn Nelson is a Graduate Emergency Nursing Student at Emory University School of Nursing, Atlanta, Ga.
The authors wish to thank Stephanie Hon, PharmD, Assistant Director Georgia Poison Center, Atlanta, Ga., for her assistance in the preparation of this article. Eric J. Lavonas, Md., Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver, Colo., for permission to use the Unified Treatment Algorithm for Crotalid bites. Mike Cardwell, Extreme Wildlife Photographer for permission and use of his photographs.
The authors have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.