Pre-participation physical evaluations for athletesZychowicz, Michael E. DNP, ANP, ONP, FAANPNurse Practitioner: 10 November 2012 - Volume 37 - Issue 11 - p 41–45 doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000421431.70048.87 Feature: PHYSICAL EXAMS Abstract Author Information Abstract: The pre-participation physical evaluation helps keep athletes safe. This article discusses the essential components of the PPE history and physical. Findings that should prompt further evaluation of the athlete, including those consistent with risk for sudden cardiac death, are discussed. Michael E. Zychowicz is the director of the MSN Program at Duke University School of Nursing in Durham, N.C. The author has disclosed that he has no financial relationships related to this article. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.