Therapy-related Noninfectious Complications in Patients With Hematologic Malignancies: High-resolution Computed Tomography FindingsBrodoefel, Harald MD*; Faul, Christoph MD†; Salih, Helmut MD†; Vogel, Wolfgang MD†; Fenchel, Michael MD*,‡; Horger, Marius MD*Journal of Thoracic Imaging: January 2013 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p W5–W11 doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e31822031f0 Web Exclusive Content-Pictorial Essays Abstract Author Information Pulmonary complications are a leading source of mortality in patients treated for hematologic malignancies. After hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, treatment-related noninfectious complications constitute more than half of the pulmonary pathology and represent a particular diagnostic challenge. This review illustrates the high-resolution computed tomography findings of common therapy-related complications and thereby demonstrates a high degree of overlap between the patterns of various toxicities. Clinical background knowledge of the distinct entities is reviewed and highlighted as an indispensable instrument to narrow the differential diagnosis. Departments of *Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology †Internal Medicine-Oncology and Hematology ‡Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Tübingen, Germany The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Reprints: Harald Brodoefel, MD, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tübingen, Germany (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.