Evidence-based Imaging and Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Cardiopulmonary ImagingBlackmore, C. Craig MD, MPHJournal of Thoracic Imaging: September 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 5 - p 272–276 doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e31824dec5a Symposium Abstract Author Information Evidence-based imaging is a paradigm for using the best evidence to guide medical decision making. Evidence-based imaging centers on formulating a clinical question focused on a specific patient scenario, conducting a literature search and critical review, summarizing the evidence, and using the information to guide medical decision making. Additional tools important to evidence-based imaging are clinical prediction rules, designed to provide evidence for when imaging should be used, and cost-effectiveness analysis, designed to quantify the economic and patient outcomes from medical interventions. Center for Health Services Research and Department of Radiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA Dr Blackmore receives royalties from Springer Publishing. The author declares no conflicts of interest. Reprints: C. Craig Blackmore, MD, MPH, Center for Health Services Research and Department of Radiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98111 (e-mail: craig.Blackmore@vmmc.org). © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.