Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 > Apicoaortic Conduits: Indications, Complications, and Imagin...
Journal of Thoracic Imaging:
doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e31820e4701
Review Article

Apicoaortic Conduits: Indications, Complications, and Imaging Techniques

Nance, John W. Jr MD*; Barraza, J. Michael BS*; Henzler, Thomas MD; McMaster, William G. MD*; Kratz, John M. MD; Schoepf, U. Joseph MD, FAHA, FSCBT-MR, FSCCT*,§

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Left ventricular apex to descending aorta conduits may be used as a last resort treatment of severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in cases in which alternative therapies are contraindicated. Although this technique is rarely used in current practice for congenital cases, its use in the elderly population is increasing, largely due to the expansion of this patient cohort and associated comorbidities precluding aortic valve replacement, the most common of which are a severely calcified “porcelain” aorta and/or previous coronary artery bypass grafts preventing aortic root manipulation. Diagnostic imaging is essential in the presurgical workup and subsequent follow-up of these patients, as complications of the procedure are potentially life threatening and are not rare. Several imaging modalities may be used, each with advantages and disadvantages. Both anatomic and functional assessments play a role in the comprehensive evaluation of both presurgical and postsurgical patients.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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