Concerns have been raised regarding the increasing radiation exposure associated with cardiac computed tomography (CT). Traditional cardiac CT imaging techniques comprise simultaneous recording of the electrocardiogram signal combined with continuous slow-pitch spiral/helical scan acquisition with a relatively high incident radiation dose. Because of the increasing number of cardiac CT studies and further anticipated growth, the contribution of cardiac CT to radiation exposure of the population is not negligible. With growing radiation dose awareness, a variety of strategies have been developed aimed at improving the dose efficiency of electrocardiogram-synchronized cardiac CT acquisition techniques. Recent innovations have demonstrated that the radiation dose at cardiac CT can be substantially reduced without detrimental effects on diagnostic image quality. This study reviews currently available strategies for successfully reducing radiation dose in cardiac CT.