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Journal of Thoracic Imaging:
doi: 10.1097/01.rti.0000213567.86408.19
Pictorial Essay

Pulmonary Complications of Illicit Drug Use: Differential Diagnosis Based on CT Findings

Nguyen, Elsie T. MD; Silva, C. Isabela S. MD, PhD; Souza, Carolina A. MD; Müller, Nestor L. MD, PhD

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this manuscript is to summarize an approach to the differential diagnosis of the pulmonary complications of illicit drug use based on the computed tomography findings.

Conclusions: The various pulmonary complications of illicit drug use result in 5 main patterns of parenchymal abnormality: nodules, ground-glass opacities, consolidation, air trapping, and emphysema. Other thoracic manifestations of illicit drug use include pulmonary arterial hypertension, pneumomediastinum, bacterial endocarditis, discitis, and septic arthritis.

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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