Calcified Small Cell Carcinoma of the LungMatari, Hussein M.D.; Itani, Abedalrahman M.D.; Amin, Hossam M.D., F.C.C.P.Journal of Thoracic Imaging: April 2003 - Volume 18 - Issue 2 - pp 104-105 Case Reports Abstract Author Information Abstract Calcification within pulmonary lesions usually signifies a benign entity, but depending on the specific pattern of calcification it can also represent malignancy. The authors report a case of calcified small cell lung cancer in a patient with end-stage renal disease. The calcification was unrelated to renal failure and not the result of metastatic calcification, and the pattern of calcification and tissue pathology excluded other causes of calcification within this mediastinal mass. The presence of calcium in a pulmonary lesion most commonly indicates a benign diagnosis such as a granuloma or hamartoma. Unfortunately, calcification is also seen frequently in certain metastatic lesions, most commonly osteosarcomas. Calcified lung metastases from chondrosarcoma, synovial cell sarcoma, and thyroid, ovarian, breast, and mucinous gastrointestinal cancers have all been reported (1). However, calcification within primary lung cancer is uncommon. One prospective study of 500 patients with a provisional clinical diagnosis of lung cancer who underwent computed tomographic examination of the chest revealed 53 cases (10.6%) of intratumor calcifications (2). Of the reported cases of calcified lung cancer, calcification within small cell lung cancer is rare. We report a case of calcified small cell lung cancer. Author Information From the Department of Radiology, Metropolitan Hospital Center/New York Medical College, New York, New York, USA. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Hussein Matari, Director, Department of Radiology, Metropolitan Health Center/New York Medical College, 1901 First Avenue, Room 202, New York, NY 10029 USA. E-mail: Husseinmatari@yahoo.com © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.