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Chronic Syndesmotic Injuries and Reconstruction

Dekker, Robert G. II MD; Barbosa, Mauricio P. MD; Kadakia, Anish R. MD

Techniques in Foot & Ankle Surgery: September 2017 - Volume 16 - Issue 3 - p 141–149
doi: 10.1097/BTF.0000000000000163
Special Focus: Soft Tissue Reconstruction in the Foot and Ankle

Chronic instability of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis is associated with poor functional outcomes and the development of arthritis. Stabilization of the distal tibiofibular joint after a neglected or recurrent diastasis can be accomplished using a variety of surgical procedures; however, no 1 technique has shown clear superiority. Arthrodesis is considered the most reproducible means of restoring stability at the distal tibiofibular joint; however, the limitation of motion can be associated with ankle pain and may exacerbate symptoms from early ankle degenerative disease. This article presents an algorithmic approach using a double limb allograft reconstruction for symptomatic patients with persistent radiographic widening and either subtle syndesmotic instability or significant disruption and lateral talar shift due to attenuated or disrupted syndesmotic ligaments. The technique primarily reconstructs the interosseous ligament and does not attempt to individually recreate each ligament of the syndesmosis to preserve physiological fibula rotation and translation. Early outcomes have been excellent.

Level of Evidence: Diagnostic Level V. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL

A.R.K. or an immediate family member has received royalties from Acumed and Biomedical Enterprises; is a member of a speakers’ bureau or has made paid presentations on behalf of Acumed and Dupuy Synthes; serves as a paid consultant to or is an employee of Acumed, Biomedical Enterprises, and Celling Biosciences; has received research or institutional support from Acumed and Dupuy Synthes; and serves as a board member, owner, officer or committee member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Anish R. Kadakia, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, 676 N. St. Clair, Suite 1350, Chicago, IL 60611. E-mail: kadak259@gmail.com.

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