The Surgical Treatment of Achilles Tendinopathy: A Treatment AlgorithmLalonde, Karl-Andre MD, FRCSCTechniques in Foot & Ankle Surgery: September 2012 - Volume 11 - Issue 3 - p 113–117 doi: 10.1097/BTF.0b013e318255bf0d Special Focus: Treatment Algorithms for Foot and Ankle Disorders, Part II Abstract Author Information Achilles tendinopathies represents a spectrum of clinical and pathologic conditions. The precise diagnosis of the disease process can be made with thorough history and physical examination supported by imaging modalities. First-line treatment of these conditions is generally nonoperative. Refractory cases can be addressed surgically based on the treatment algorithm presented in this paper. Successful surgical outcome requires an accurate diagnosis and careful consideration of factors that can impede healing and lead to surgical complications. Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada The author declares no conflict of interest. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Karl-Andre Lalonde, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8L6. E-mail: email@example.com. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.