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Online Submission and Review System


SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES is a peer-reviewed journal that welcomes the submission of papers on clinical, laboratory, epidemiologic, sociologic, and historical topics pertinent to Sexually Transmitted Diseases and related fields. The Journal publishes:

Original Articles

Reports of newly delineated syndromes; new investigations into mechanism of disease; descriptions of clinical experiences; reports of therapeutic trials; and other original contributions to etiology, pathology, epidemiology, sociology, diagnosis, or treatment. In general, authors should target a maximum length of 3000 words. If this is not possible, the author must provide an explanation in the cover letter to the editor.

Notes/Case Reports

Brief (usually not more than 1,500 words) case reports or descriptions of unusual manifestations of disease or of new procedures.


Detailed critical surveys of a particular topic.In general, authors should target a maximum length of 3000 words. If this is not possible, the author must provide an explanation in the cover letter to the editor.


Statements of personal opinion or evaluation of current progress in a particular area of research. These articles are 1500 words.


Opinion on topics recently under consideration in this journal or new research/data that do not warrant a full-length article or note. Letters should not exceed 500 words. The editor reserves the right to shorten and otherwise edit such letters. When indicated, the author of the article in question will be shown the letter and given an opportunity to comment on the letter in the same issue.


Photographs of relevance to the field of STD. Pictures may be of microbes or clinical manifestations. We solicit photos that are of scientific interest, or that have an instructional point to make. A brief description or explanatory text must be submitted along with the photograph. Limit the text to a few sentences.

Online Submissions

All submissions must be submitted online through our website at

First-Time Users

Please click the Register button from the menu above and enter the requested information. On successful registration, you will be sent an e-mail indicating your user name and password. Print a copy of this information for future reference. Note: If you have received an e-mail from us with an assigned user ID and password, or if you are a repeat user, do not register again. Just log in. Once you have an assigned ID and password, you do not have to re-register, even if your status changes (that is, author, reviewer, or editor).


Please click the log-in button from the menu at the top of the page and log in to the system as an Author. Submit your manuscript according to the author instructions. There is a 10 author limit. You will be able to track the progress of your manuscript through the system. If you experience any problems, please contact: Jeanne Moncada, managing editor,, phone 415-824-5115, fax 415-821-8945. Requests for help and other questions will be addressed in the order received.

Conflict of Interest Notification

Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. All sources of funding should be acknowledged in the manuscript. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included on the title page of the manuscript with the heading “Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding:”. For example:

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: A has received honoraria from Company Z. B is currently receiving a grant (#12345) from Organization Y and is on the speaker’s bureau for Organization X – the CME organizers for Company A. For the remaining authors none were declared.

In addition, each author must complete and submit the journal’s copyright transfer agreement, which includes a section on the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” ( The form is readily available on the manuscript submission page ( and can be completed and submitted electronically. Please note that authors may sign the copyright transfer agreement form electronically. For additional information about electronically signing this form, go to


Ethical/Legal Considerations

A submission must be an original contribution not previously published (except as an abstract or a preliminary report), must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere and, if accepted, must not be published elsewhere in similar form, in any language, without the consent of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the study to a significant extent. Although the editors and referees make every effort to ensure the validity of published manuscripts, the final responsibility rests with the authors, not with the Journal, its editors, or the publisher.

Patient Anonymity and Informed Consent

It is the author's responsibility to ensure that a patient's anonymity be carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and following all the guidelines for experimental investigation with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all the authors are affiliated. Photographs with bars placed over eyes of patients should NOT be used in publication. If these photos are used or other identifying details (race, sex, age, occupation, nationality, sexual orientation, etc) are included in the article, then the author must provide proof of informed consent that he/she obtained from the patient (signed permission form). This informed consent should be indicated in the text of the article (in the Methods section, if appropriate) or in the acknowledgments at the end of the article. The written permission from the patient must be submitted with the manuscript.

Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research

When reporting experiments involving human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.
For research involving animals, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the standards set forth in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (published by the National Academy of Science, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.). 


Please go to the Journal website and click the ‘‘Permissions’’ link above the title of the paper in the abstract or html window for the relevant article. Alternatively, send an email to Translation Rights & Licensing queries: Please contact Silvia Serra, Translations Rights, Licensing & Permissions Manager, Wolters Kluwer Health (Medical Research) Ltd, 250 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8RD, UK. Phone +44 (0) 207 981 0600;

Compliance With NIH & Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements

A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, LWW will identify to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit and will transmit the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or other funding agencies to PubMed Central. The Copyright Transfer Agreement provides the mechanism.


From the home page of the Editorial Manager website, under the “Files & Resources” section, download the "Copyright Transfer (pdf)" form. Fill in the following information: article title, corresponding author, mailing address and telephone/fax numbers. Authors must sign the form and submit it at the time of manuscript submission: either online (a scanned copy of the signed copyright) or offline (faxed or mailed to the STD Editorial Office).

Organization and Format

Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

General Requirements

For submissions, all text should be double-spaced. Font size should be no smaller than 12 pt. Left and right margins should be set at 1 inch. Number all pages in sequence and insert continuous line numbers, starting on page 1.

Original Articles
Title page

Must contain the following information (a) complete manuscript title; (b) authors' full names (limit of 10), highest academic degrees, and affiliations; (c) name and address for correspondence, including fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address; (d) address for reprints if different from that of corresponding author; (e) word counts for the summary, abstract, and text; number of figures and tables; and (f) a statement disclosing whether or not any conflict of interest exists; and (g) all sources of support (ie. National Institutes of Health; Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute);including pharmaceutical and industry support, that require acknowledgement.

Short summary
A brief summary of your findings is needed for the Table of Contents. Limit the summary to a few sentences (<30 words). For example: A study of clients in an STD clinic in Malibu, California found that women with chlamydial infection were younger than women with gonorrhea and were less likely to have multiple partners.

Abstract and Key Words
Limit the abstract to 250 words. Use the following subheads:  Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. Do not cite references in the abstract. Limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms.  List three to five key words or phrases.

Organize the manuscript into these main headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. References, Tables, and Figures should follow. Define abbreviations at first mention in text and in each table and figure. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country).

For a list of standard abbreviations, consult the Council of Biology Editors Style Guide (available from the Council of Science Editors, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814) or other standard sources. Write out the full term for each abbreviation at its first use unless it is a standard unit of measure.

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references(limit of 30). Key the references (double-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. Number the references in text in the order of appearance. Cite unpublished data-such as papers submitted but not yet accepted for publication and personal communications, including e-mail communications-in parentheses in the text. If there are more than three authors, name only the first three authors and then use et al. Refer to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus for abbreviations of journal names, or access the list at Sample references are given below.

Journal article
  1.  Cohen MS, Hellmann N, Levy JA et al. The spread, treatment, and prevention of HIV-1: evolution of a global pandemic. J Clin Invest. 2008;118:  1244-54.

Book chapter
  2. Todd VR. Visual information analysis: frame of reference for visual perception. In: Kramer P, Hinojosa J, eds. Frames of Reference for Pediatric Occupational Therapy. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999:205-256.

Entire book
 3.  Sherman IW.  The Power of Plagues.  Washington, DC:  ASM Press; 2006.

  4. Epi Info [computer program]. Version 6.
Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1994.

Online journals
  5. Friedman SA. Preeclampsia: a review of the role of prostaglandins. Obstet Gynecol [serial online]. January 1988;71:22-37. Available from: BRS Information Technologies, McLean, VA. Accessed December 15, 1990.

  6. CANCERNET-PDQ [database online]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 1996. Updated March 29, 1996.

World Wide Web
  7. Gostin LO. Drug use and HIV/AIDS [JAMA HIV/AIDS Web site]. June 1, 1996. Available at: Accessed June 26, 1997.

Paper Presented at a Conference

 8. Moncada J, Schachter J, Rauch L, et al. How many MSM with chlamydial and gonococcal infections are missed if only urine specimens are screened?  Presented at:  6th European Chlamydia Meeting [P07]; 2008; Aarhus.

Art should be created/scanned and saved and submitted as either a TIFF (tagged image file format), an EPS (encapsulated PostScript) file, or a PPT (PowerPoint) file. Line art must have a resolution of at least 1200 dpi (dots per inch), and electronic photographs-radiographs, CT scans, and so on-and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. If fonts are used in the artwork, they must be converted to paths or outlines or they must be embedded in the files. Color images must be created/scanned and saved and submitted as CMYK files. Please note that artwork generated from office suite programs such CorelDRAW and MS Word and artwork downloaded from the Internet (JPEG or GIF files) cannot be used. Cite figures consecutively on the site, and number them in the order in which they are discussed. All electronic art that cannot be successfully uploaded must be submitted on a 3 1/2-inch high-density disk, a CD-ROM, or an Iomega Zip disk, accompanied by high-resolution laser prints of each image.

Figure legends
Include legends for all figures. They should be brief and specific, and they should appear on a separate manuscript page after the references. Use scale markers in the image for electron micrographs, and indicate the type of stain used.

Color figures
The journal accepts for publication color figures/ photographs that will enhance an article. Authors who submit color figures will receive an estimate of the cost for color reproduction. If they decide not to pay for color reproduction, they can request that the figures be converted to black and white at no charge.

Tables: Create tables using the table-creating and editing feature of your word processing software (e.g., Word, WordPerfect). Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Group all tables in a separate file. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Each table should appear on a separate sheet and should include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.

Supplemental Digital Concent

Supplemental Digital Content (SDC): Authors may submit SDC via Editorial Manger to LWW journals to enhance their article's text and to be considered for online posting. SDC may include standard media such as: text documents, graphs, audio, and video. , etc. On the Attach Files page of the submission process, please select Supplemental Audio, Video, or Data for your uploaded file as the Submission Item. If an article with SDC is accepted, our production staff will create a URL with the SDC file. The URL will be placed in the call-out within the article. SDC files are not copy-edited by LWW staff, they will be presented digitally as submitted. For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit

SDC Callouts

Supplemental digital content must be cited consecutively in the text of the submitted manuscript. Citations should include the type of material submitted (Audio, Figure, Table, etc.), be clearly labeled as "Supplemental Digital Content," include the sequential list number, and provide a brief description of the supplemental content. All descriptive test should be included in the call-out as it will not appear elsewhere in the article.


We performed many testes on the degrees of flexibility in the elbow (see Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, which demonstrates elbow flexibility) and found our results inconclusive.

List of Supplemental Digital Content

A listing of Supplemental Digital Content must be submitted at the end o the manuscript file. Include the SDC number and tile type of the Supplemental Digital Content. This text will be removed by our production staff and not published.


Supplemental Digital Content 1.wmv

SDC File Type Requirements: All acceptable file types are permissible up to 10 MBs, authors should query the journal office for approval. For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit

Sexually Transmitted Diseases is in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manucripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (ICMJE). Pattern manuscript style after the American Medical Association Manual of Style (10th edition). Stedman's Medical Dictionary (28th edition), and Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th edition) should be used as standard references. Refer to drugs and therapeutic agents by their accepted generic or chemical names, and do not abbreviate them. The name should not be abbreviated. Use code numbers only when a generic name is not yet available. In that case, supply the chemical name and a figure.

Notes/Case Reports

These are brief articles that do not warrant a full-length paper, usually not more than 1,500 words. A title page is required, followed by a short summary (a few sentences, <30 words). Each note/case report must have an abstract of less than 50 words (do not use separate subheads). List three to five key words. All text should be written in one section. Separate headings (Introduction, Materials and Methods, etc.) should not be used. Several paragraphs are permissible. The number of figures and tables should be kept to a minimum.


A title page and short summary are required. Abstract (do not use separate subheads) should be approximately 250 words that summarize the basic content of the review. Authors are encouraged to keep review articles to less than 3000 words. If this is not possible, the author must provide an explanation in the cover letter to the editor.


A title page is required. Do not submit an abstract or short summary. In general, these articles are invited submissions. It is recommended that unsolicited Editorials be discussed with the Editor prior to submission. If accepted for publication, an uninvited submission will be published as a Commentary. Limit the Editorial/Commentary to approximately 1,500 words.


A letter should not exceed 500 words. A title page is required. Do not submit an abstract or short summary. For letters commenting on recently published articles, the letter should reference the particular article. The reference section should be kept to a minimum.


Do not submit a title page, abstract, or short summary. Photographs may be submitted as color (no charge for this type of submission) or black and white. A brief description or explanatory text must be submitted along with the photograph. Limit the text to a few sentences.

After Acceptance

Page proofs and corrections
Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copyedited and typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (e.g., reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. Complete instructions will be provided with the e-mail for downloading and printing the files and for faxing the corrected page proofs to the publisher. Those authors without an e-mail address will receive traditional page proofs. It is the author's responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the authors' meaning. Only the most critical changes to the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material would be disallowed. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content. Authors may be charged for alterations to the proofs beyond those required to correct errors or to answer queries. Proofs must be checked carefully and corrections faxed within 24 to 48 hours of receipt, as requested in the cover letter accompanying the page proofs.

All articles will be published online at prior to print publication. These articles will be listed as "ahead of print citations" in PubMed. Once the article is print published, the information will be updated in PubMed.

The journal does not provide to the author a pdf or reprint of their article. Authors will receive a reprint order form and a price list with the page proofs. Reprint requests should be faxed to the publisher with the corrected proofs, if possible. Reprints are normally shipped 6to 8 weeks after publication of the issue in which the item appears. Contact the Reprint Department, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 351 W. Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201-2436 with any questions.

Publisher's contact
Fax corrected page proofs, reprint order form, and any other related materials to Proof Manager, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 410-691-6235. Color proofs should be returned to Proof Manager, Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Cadmus Professional Communications, 8621 Robert Fulton Drive, Columbia, MD 21046.

Editors' contacts
The STD Editorial Office fax number is 415-821-8945 and e-mail address is The STD Editorial Office address is: William C. Miller, MD, PhD, MPH (Editor); University of North Carolina; 130 Mason Farm Rd; CB# 7030; Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400.