An analysis of data from a prospective study of 1257 high-risk women revealed 7 predictors of discordance between self-reported lack of recent exposure to semen and detection of spermatozoa on Gram stain, suggesting that inaccuracies in the reporting of sexual behaviors cannot be assumed to be distributed randomly.
Analysis of 1257 high-risk women found several predictors of discordance between self reports and an objective marker of semen exposure, suggesting inaccuracies in reporting sexual behaviors are not randomly distributed.
From the *Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; †Department of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI; ‡Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; §Obstetrics and Gynecology and Medicine, the Miriam Hospital, Brown University, Providence, RI; and ¶Einstein-Montefiore Institute for Clinical & Translational Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
The HIV Epidemiology Research Study Group consists of the following: Robert S. Klein, MD, Ellie Schoenbaum, MD, Julia Arnsten, MD, MPH, Robert D. Burk, MD, Chee Jen Chang, PhD, Penelope Demas, PhD, and Andrea Howard, MD, MSc, from Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Paula Schuman, MD, and Jack Sobel, MD, from the Wayne State University School of Medicine; Anne Rompalo, MD, David Vlahov, PhD, and David Celentano, PhD, from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Charles Carpenter, MD, and Kenneth Mayer, MD, from the Brown University School of Medicine; Ann Duerr, MD, Lytt I. Gardner, PhD, Scott Holmberg, MD, Denise Jamieson, MD, MPH, Jan Moore, PhD, Ruby Phelps, Dawn Smith, MD, and Dora Warren, PhD, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and Katherine Davenny, PhD, from the National Institute of Drug Abuse.
Supported by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cooperative agreement numbers U64/CCU106795, U64/CCU206798, U64/CCU306802, and U64/CCU506831.
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Correspondence: Maria F. Gallo, PhD, Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Mail Stop K-34, Atlanta, GA 30341. E-mail: email@example.com.
Received for publication December 2, 2010, and accepted April 25, 2011.