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Keeping an Eye on Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Conjunctivitis in Infants in the United States, 2010–2015

Kreisel, Kristen PhD*; Weston, Emily MPH*; Braxton, Jim AS*; Llata, Eloisa MD*; Torrone, Elizabeth PhD*

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: June 2017 - Volume 44 - Issue 6 - p 356–358
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000613

Abstract: Perinatal transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) can result in conjunctivitis in infants. We examined national rates of reported CT/GC conjunctivitis among infants. Surveillance of these infections is heavily affected by the completeness of reported data on specimen source and age. Alternative data sources should be evaluated.

Rates of reported cases of chlamydia and gonorrhea conjunctivitis in infants in the United States are low, but likely underestimate the burden of disease.

From the * Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Atlanta, GA

Conflicts of interest and source of funding: None declared.

Correspondence: Kristen Kreisel, PhD, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS-E63, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027. E-mail:

Received for publication January 5, 2017, and accepted February 13, 2017.

© Copyright 2017 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association