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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000022
Note

The Etiology of Infectious Proctitis in Men Who Have Sex With Men Differs According to HIV Status

Bissessor, Melanie FAChSHM*†; Fairley, Christopher K. FRACP, PhD*†; Read, Timothy FAChSHM*†; Denham, Ian FRACP; Bradshaw, Catriona FAChSHM, PhD*†‡; Chen, Marcus FRCP, PhD*†

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Abstract

We compared the spectrum of pathogens responsible for infectious proctitis between HIV-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men. Only 32% of men with herpes simplex virus (HSV)–associated proctitis had visible external anal ulceration.The etiology of infectious proctitis among HIV-positive and HIV-negative men is as follows: chlamydia (23.4% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.7), gonorrhea (13.4% vs. 10.8%, P = 0.5), HSV-1 (14.2% vs. 6.5%, P = 0.04), HSV-2 (22% vs. 12.3%, P = 0.03), lymphogranuloma venereum (7.8% vs. 0.7%, P = 0.004), and multiple infections (17.7% vs. 8.6%, P = 0.017). Thirty-two percent with HSV proctitis had external anal ulceration.

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