Among urban, primarily African American pregnant women, 74% were identified with Nugent score bacterial vaginosis (BV). All BV-associated bacteria were more prevalent among women with Nugent score BV. Bacterial vaginosis–associated bacteria 3 (BVAB3) had the highest positive predictive value, whereas Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium spp. had the highest sensitivity. Atopobium spp. levels had the most significant area under the curve.