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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31829186e5
Original Study

Venue-Based Affiliation Networks and HIV Risk-Taking Behavior Among Male Sex Workers

Fujimoto, Kayo PhD*; Williams, Mark L. PhD; Ross, Michael W. PhD, MD*

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Abstract

Background

This study examined venue-based networks constituted by affiliation with gay bars and street intersections where male sex workers (MSWs) congregate to find their sexual/drug-sharing partners and network influence on risky sexual behavior (e.g., unprotected anal intercourse [UAI]) and HIV infection.

Methods

Data collected in 2003 to 2004 in Houston, Texas, consists of 208 MSWs affiliated with 15 gay bars and 51 street intersections. Two-mode network analysis was conducted to examine structural characteristics in affiliation networks, as well as venue-based network influence on UAI and HIV infection.

Results

Centralized affiliation patterns were found where only a few venues were popular among MSWs, and these were highly interdependent. Distinctive structural patterns of venue-based clustering were associated with UAI and infection. Individuals who shared venue affiliation with MSWs who engage in UAI were less likely to have UAI themselves. This suggests a downhill effect; that is, individuals compensate for their risk of infection by adjusting their own risk-taking behavior, based on their perceptions of their venue affiliates.

Conclusions

Venue-based HIV/AIDs interventions could be tailored to specific venues so as to target specific clusters that are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior.

Copyright © 2013 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association All rights reserved.

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