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Pharmacy Workers’ Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Knowledge in Fuzhou, China: Implications for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing, Treatment, and Prevention Strategies

Wen, Yi MD*; Guan, Jihui MD; Wu, Zunyou MD, PHD; Li, Li PHD*; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane PHD*; Lin, Chunqing MD*; Detels, Roger MD, MS§the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: April 2009 - Volume 36 - Issue 4 - p 221-226
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181901ca2
Articles

Background: Pharmacies play a special role in providing treatment services for patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in China. There is a need to study the STD/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge among pharmacy workers in retail pharmacies.

Method: A total of 200 pharmacy workers were recruited from 120 randomly selected retail pharmacies in Fuzhou, China. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect information of demographics, working experience, pharmacy structure and clientele profile, and pharmacy workers’ attitudes toward traditional Chinese folk remedies and their STD/HIV knowledge.

Results: Work-related training during the past 6 months, holding pharmacist license, and years of being a pharmacy worker showed significant association with STD/HIV knowledge. Work-related training also significantly associated with provision of consultation. Years of education and medical training, however, failed to show significant association with STD/HIV knowledge.

Conclusions: In order to improve service quality and avoid misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of STD/HIV, on-the-job training or continuous education for pharmacy workers should be required, implemented, and monitored as part of the national effort for STD control and treatment.

A cross-sectional study in Fuzhou, China, found that pharmacy workers with recent work-related training and having a pharmacist license tend to have a better STD/HIV knowledge.

From the *Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; †Fujian Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Fuzhou, China; ‡National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China; and §Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

The authors thank team members in Fuzhou and Beijing, China, for their support and contribution to this study.

This study was funded by NIH/NIMH grant number U10MH61513, which is a five-country cooperative agreement being conducted in China, India, Peru, Russia, and Zimbabwe. Each site has selected a different venue and population with which to implement the Community Public Opinion Leader (C-POL) intervention.

Correspondence: Yi Wen, MD, UCLA Semel Institute-Center for Community Health, 10920 Wilshire Boulvard, Suite 350, Los Angeles, CA 90024. E-mail: fuwenyi@gmail.com.

Received for publication June 10, 2008, and accepted October 3, 2008.

© Copyright 2009 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association