Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e318162c4d8

A Randomized Six-Day Safety Study of an Antiretroviral Microbicide Candidate UC781, a Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor

Schwartz, Jill L. MD*; Kovalevsky, George MD†; Lai, Jaim-Jou MPH‡; Ballagh, Susan A. MD†; McCormick, Timothy PhD*; Douville, Karen∥; Mauck, Christine K. MD*; Callahan, Marianne M. MEd*

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Goal: This study evaluated the effect of a single dose and 5 additional consecutive daily doses of UC781 gel at concentrations of 0.1%, 0.25%, 1.0%, and 0% on urogenital irritation.

Study Design: Forty-eight healthy sexually abstinent women were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups.

Methods: Urogenital irritation was assessed by pelvic examination, colposcopy, and reports of genital symptoms at baseline and after 1 and 6 doses. Vaginal health was assessed by wet mount and systemic safety by laboratory evaluation after 1 and 6 doses, and UC781 levels were assessed at baseline and after 6 doses.

Results: Some evidence of urogenital irritation was common in all treatment groups and was most often transient and mild. Colposcopic findings were infrequent in the placebo group (8%) and more common in the 3 treatment groups (24%–42%). Edema, which may indicate underlying inflammation, was observed in the vaginal fornix of 2 women exposed to UC781. There was no apparent increase in vaginal infection or clinically significant changes in laboratory values. Two of 12 participants randomized to 1% UC781 gel had detectable plasma levels that were less than the lower level of quantification.

Conclusions: UC781 was well tolerated in this initial dose ranging safety study when used once daily for 6 days in sexually abstinent women. Five safety/pharmacokinetic studies of UC781 are currently underway in women and men, all utilizing UC781 concentrations less than 1%, with twice-daily dosing in some studies, and all involving careful monitoring of exposed epithelium.

© Copyright 2008 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association


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