Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2007 - Volume 34 - Issue 5 > Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection in Women Atten...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000237774.29010.30
Article

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection in Women Attending an Antenatal Clinic in the South Pacific Island Nation of Vanuatu

Haddow, Lewis J. MB, ChB*; Sullivan, Elizabeth A. MBBS, MPH, MMed†; Taylor, Janette MPhil‡; Abel, Myriam MPH§; Cunningham, Anthony L. MD, FRACP‡; Tabrizi, Sepehr PhD∥; Mindel, Adrian MD, FRCP*

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in women in an antenatal clinic in the South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu.

Study Design: A prevalence survey of sexually transmitted infections of pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic at Vila Central Hospital was conducted in 1999–2000. Serum samples were tested for HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results for other sexually transmitted infections and demographic and obstetric variables were analyzed for their association with HSV-2 serostatus.

Results: HSV-2 serum antibody results were obtained on 535 women and HSV-1 results on 134. The seroprevalence of HSV-2 was 30% and HSV-1 was 100%. On multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of HSV-2 infection were age, marital status, and trichomoniasis.

Conclusions: HSV-2 was common in this sample of sexually active women in Vanuatu. This is the first study of HSV in Vanuatu and one of very few studies in the Pacific region.

© Copyright 2007 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

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